At the end of the first millennium, most people in the Eastern Hemisphere had a firm sense of how the world was arranged, who occupied it, and how they had come to be where they were. Various sacred texts as well as long-standing folk beliefs suggested a virtually eternal order of things, instilling a sort of reassuring confidence in a stable and entirely predictable existence. However, forces were emerging that would open up new possibilities and engender a new restlessness that would shatter provincial confidence and stability as a new more cosmopolitan world emerged. A new era of American history was about to spring from the most unexpected of places. More »
Differences between cultures are not something new. Many of us can still see it in our daily lives. Four hundred years ago two very distinctly different cultures clashed in what we call the American Southwest. The Spanish presence brought new ideas, new culture, and new way of life to the new found Americas much to the demise of the already settled native tribes. Already having controlled much of Mexico and South America, problems were rising in the outskirts of New Spain. Secular and religious authorities were in conflict and the ever growing animosity of its aboriginal tribe made it difficult to maintain Spanish control. Though, for four generations the Spaniards had begun to feel successful in their endeavors of New Mexico. In early August, the sedentary and nomadic tribes banned together and overthrow the Spanish authority. There are many angles needed to be addressed in order to see why this happened. Historians and anthropologists have been trying to go beyond the bias history to uncover what happen. In the book “What Caused the Pueblo Revolt of 1680”, historians try to answer this question, some theories hold more pull then others in terms of what and why. Through reading this anthology I believe the revolt happened for cultural and religious reasons because the Spaniards were threatening the indigenous people’s very way of life through violence, exploitation of land/resources (food), and demoralization of their old ways and practices.
Bowden’s idea of why this happened focused mainly on the old misunderstood traditions of the tribes living in Mexico. He shows how the friars, churches and icons took the blunt of the revolts force. Bowden points out the religious differences and similarities be...
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...hnocide would not be the reason for the pueblo revolt. The tribes themselves were different from one another, but when they banned together they were doing it for the same reason. Yes, the droughts and famines had a big effect on the situation, but these catalysts just furthered the animosity the indians had towards the white. If you look at the small uprising that occurred 1640s, 1660s, and the “crack down” in the 1670s, they were all focused on punishment for practices there old religious customs. Anywhere you look in the world, its trials and tribulations are rooted from cultural differences and religious values. To escape religious persecution and taxation from a king was the reason the USA started. Many examples through time will show us that problems will be caused when one culture feels superior in culture, government and the most important, religion.
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Steven, I decided to ignore passenger ropeways because I wanted to keep the article ...eh... short. You should check the second link listed in the bibliography, "Hercules Aerial Tram Mobility Study & Report". It was of great help for my research, even though it investigates passenger ropeways, not cargo ropeways. The researchers conclude that passenger ropeways have a large potential in the US. One problem is that most traffic engineers don't even know them. The second problem, however, are insurance costs, which "tend to be so high that they cancel the cost benefits of energy savings and lower capital costs". That is not a problem for cargo tramways.